mitochondria

The location in cells where respiration occurs. Mitochondria are surrounded by two membranes.

Combined glossary of agriculture. - MidCountry Media publishes Farm World newspaper.

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  • mitochondria — 1901, from German, coined 1898 by microbiologist Carl Benda (1857 1933), from Gk. mitos thread (see MITRE (Cf. mitre)) + khondrion little granule, dim. of khondros granule, lump of salt …   Etymology dictionary

  • Mitochondria — The mitochondria are normal energy producing structures within cells. They are located in the cell s cytoplasm outside the nucleus. The mitochondria are responsible for energy production. They consist of two sets of membranes, a smooth continuous …   Medical dictionary

  • mitochondria — Small structures in a cell that are found in the cytoplasm (fluid that surrounds the cell nucleus). Mitochondria make most of the energy for the cell and have their own genetic material that is different from the genetic material found in the… …   English dictionary of cancer terms

  • mitochondria — n. pl.; sing. mitochondrion [Gr. mitos, thread; chondros, grain] Sausage shaped structures in the cytoplasm of animal and plant cells …   Dictionary of invertebrate zoology

  • mitochondria — blp, D. mitochondriariów biol. «twory nitkowate, pałeczkowate lub ziarniste, o skomplikowanej budowie wewnętrznej, znajdujące się w komórkach roślinnych i zwierzęcych; stanowią źródło energii życiowej komórki» ‹z gr.› …   Słownik języka polskiego

  • mitochondria — n. corpuscles in the cytoplasm which provide energy to a cell (Biology) …   English contemporary dictionary

  • mitochondria —   n.pl. pl. (sing. rion) minute bodies in the living cell in which the final stages of the breakdown of carbohydrates and fats to release energy take place.    ♦ mitochondrial, a …   Dictionary of difficult words

  • Mitochondria (song) — Mitochondria Single by Kenichi Suzumura Released June 24, 2009 Format …   Wikipedia

  • Intermembrane space of mitochondria — Because of channels in the outer membrane of the mitochondria, the content of the intermembrane space is similar to that of the content of the cytoplasm.As electrons move down the proteins in the electron transport chain, the electrons lose… …   Wikipedia

  • Second mitochondria-derived activator of caspases — (Smac) is a mitochondrial protein that promotes cytochrome c dependent activation by eliminating the inhibition of IAP a protein that negatively regulates apoptosis or programmed cell death. [ [http://www.jbc.org/cgi/content/full/277/14/12275… …   Wikipedia

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